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SHB ENG102: Topic: broad to narrow

Broad to Narrow

Creating a Research Question

Broad

Restricted

Narrowed

Research question

Education Charter schools Charter schools and online education What educational benefits do online charter schools offer?

Smoking

E-cigarettes

Secondhand exposure to e-cigarettes

What are the negative effects of allowing e-cigarette use in public places?

Writing Writing in librarianship

   Answering        e-mail reference questions

What writing skills are important for librarians to provide effective email reference service?

From topic to question...

Too much topic?

Most topics have multiple issues associated with them--way beyond what you could cover in a single assignment. Don't waste time gathering information you won't be able to use!

The Internet Public Library gives excellent advice for defining the focus of your research.