What is Fake News?
Adapted from Loyola Marymount University LibGuide
CRAAP is a set of easy-to-use (and remember!) criteria for evaluating your sources, including websites. Take a look at the worksheet and video below to learn how to apply these criteria.
IMVA/IN: an acronym to evaluate sources who show up in news stories
Independent sources are preferable to self-interested sources. (PURPOSE)
Multiple sources are preferable to a report based on a single source. (ACCURACY)
Sources who Verify or provide verifiable information are preferable to those who merely assert. (ACCURACY)
Authoritative and/or Informed sources are preferable to sources who are uninformed or lack authoritative background. (AUTHORITY)
Named sources are better than anonymous ones. (AUTHORITY)
"false news stories are 70 percent more likely to be retweeted than true stories are. It also takes true stories about six times as long to reach 1,500 people as it does for false stories to reach the same number of people."
1. DON’T BE SUCKERED BY HEADLINES. If it sounds too good (or too bad!) to be true, it probably is. Read the whole thing!
2. EVALUATE THE SOURCE, AND THEIR SOURCES. Who’s writing, and who are they quoting? Can you find the original?
3. CHECK THE FACTS, and don’t believe what you read until you’ve confirmed it, preferably with more than one good source to corroborate what you read.
4. LEAVE YOUR THEORIES AT THE DOOR. Your biases can lead you to disregard real news and gravitate toward things that confirm your perspectives. Be open to challenging truths!
With thanks from SUNY-Potsdam College Libraries