Why Do I Cite Something?
- “To give credit to others’ work and ideas.”
- “To show readers the materials on which you base your analysis, your narrative or your conclusions.”
- “To guide readers to the materials you have used so they can examine it for themselves.
From Cite Right by Charles Lipson.
When Do I Cite Something?
- You must cite information or ideas whenever you incorporate them in your paper/presentation.
3 Ways to incorporate sources into your work:
1. Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source.
2. Paraphrasing puts a passage from source material into your own words.
3. Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s).
Source: Purdue OWL https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/01/
A citation should answer these basic questions:
- Who wrote it?: Author (s)
- What is it called?: Title
- Where was it?: Publication information including When was it written
- Where did you find it? Database, website, DOI/URL
The number of pieces of information needed to answer the 4 basic questions will vary by the kind of source you use.