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FOX Citing Sources: MLA Style Basics

A guide to citations.

Core Elements

What is a Container?

  • A chapter is placed in a container, which is the book it sits in.
  • A song is placed in a container, which is the album it is on
  • A television episode is placed in a container, which is the name of the show
  • An online article sits in a container, which is the website

Some sources can have multiple containers

  • For a scholarly article, the first container is the title of the journal, the second container is the title of the database.
  • For a television show watched online, the first container is the title of the show, the second container is the title of the web site that the show was watched on.

Who wrote it?

1. Author.

What is it called?

2. Title of Source.

Where was it? (First Container)

3. Title of Container,

  1. Journal, magazine, newspaper, etc.

4. Other Contributors,

  1. Editors, etc. (Most often for books)

5. Version,

  1. Edition (Most often for books)

6. Numbers,

  1. Volume (vol.), Issue/Number (no.)
  2. Usually journal articles have these

7. Publisher,

  1. Books

8. Publication Date,

9. Location (Within the Container).

  1. Page Numbers

Where did you find it? (2nd Container)

3. Title of Container,

  1. Database Name (Search@UW, Netflix, Spotify, etc.)

4. Location (within the 2nd container).

  1. URL/DOI

MLA Example