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This is the "Welcome" page of the "MAN-BIOLOGY" guide.
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Guide for biology lectures and labs at UW-Manitowoc taught by Dr. Abler, Dr. Hein, and Dr. Smith-Leiker.
Last Updated: Sep 11, 2013 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Guide Table of Contents

Science Publishing The Understand the differences among primary, secondary, and tertiary sources in the sciences.
Peer reviewed articles  What are they?  How can students identify them?
Databases Database recommendations for projects in biology.
Searching Databases  Advanced search techniques.
A & P  Targeted information for students enrolled in Anatomy & Physiology.
Animal Biology  Targeted information for students enrolled in Animal Biology. 
Nature & Science News  An introduction to Nature Magazine and Science News.  Use them to find news about research,  then look for the peer reviewed research article to find the primary source it describes.
Citing your Sources  Get help with A.P.A. style.
FAQs  Student questions, answered.
FAQs 2  Student questions, answered.


Welcome to the guide for all Biology classes taught at UW-Manitowoc.   This guide will review how to find an article and how to identify a research article in a peer reviewed journal.


Identifying Research Articles

Look for the following elements in articles you find.  Research articles contain most or all of these sections.  Look in particular for a "methods" section.

  • Abstract: A summary of the article
  • Introduction and statement of the problem
  • Hypothesis
  • Experimental methods & materials
  • Data collection
  • Analysis
  • Conclusions and recommendations for further research
  • List of sources used
  • Author’s institutional affiliation
  • Date of submission, revision, and acceptance

Look also for a scholarly writing style and the use of a very precise, scientific vocabulary.  This is often apparent in the journal's title, which can be lengthy and loaded with pertinent key words. 

Research articles may also include charts, graphs, maps, and other illustrations that visually display data results. 

UW-Manitowoc librarian

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Peggy Turnbull
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